Net zero


What is net zero?

Essentially, the whole idea behind “Carbon neutrality” and “Net-Zero emissions” is quite simple to grasp on to. “Carbon Neutrality” means when the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere is balanced by an equivalent amount of it removed while “Net-Zero emissions” means the total amount of Greenhouse gases(GHG) released through man made activities being removed through reduction measures such as artificial or natural sinks, thus getting down the net GHG emissions to zero. This ensures a sustainable low carbon future which the Paris agreement recognised as an utmost need in its race towards achieving “Climate neutrality”. Although this may seem simple and achievable in theory, when it comes down to business, it’s often quite the opposite.

How to get to Net Zero?

In 2020, about half of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions came from the top seven emitters: China, the United States, India, the European Union, Indonesia, the Russian Federation, and Brazil.

Getting to a net-zero world is one of the hardest things people have ever had to do. It requires nothing less than a complete change in how we make things, use things, and move around. About three-quarters of greenhouse gas emissions come from the energy sector, which is also the key to stopping the worst effects of climate change. If coal, gas, and oil-fired power plants were replaced with clean energy sources like wind and solar, carbon emissions would drop by a lot.

Percentage of CO2 emission by country

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